Overview of Russia's import of frozen herring by product forms in 2006-2007

June 27, 2008 09:32

In 2007 Norway continued strengthening its position on the Russian market of imported herring against declining shares of other producers. The above development could be explained mostly by the product prices. More specifically, Norwegian herring fetched the lowest prices as compared to the prices of its main competitors - herring made in Iceland, the UK and Faroe Islands. The cheapness of the Norwegian herring could be explained by increased herring quotas in Norway resulting into growing landings. More specifically, according to provisional figures as per late December 2007, the total herring harvest in Norway exceeded 821,000 tonnes, 240,000 tonnes up on 2006, with the average prices coming down by NOK0.80 to NOK2.52 per kilo.

The Russian total import of frozen herring in 2007 amounted to 241,602 tonnes, 14% up on 211,679 tonnes in 2006. The import value grew by 7% to 212 million USD. The average import prices decreased by 6% from 0.94 to 0.88 USD per kilo. The total figures of Russia's herring imports also include volumes and value of Baltic herring.

Russia's import of herring Cluрea harengus, Cluрea рallasii, frozen except for liver, roe and milt (HSC 0303510000) in 2007

Country of origin

Volume

Value

Price per kilo (Value /Volume)

kg

+/- as compared to 2006

USD

+/- as compared to 2006

USD per kilo

+/- as compared to 2006

kg

%%

USD

%%

USD per kilo

%%

Canada

408,815

-171,185

-30%

445,130

-201,295

-31%

1.09

-0.03

-2%

Estonia

326,394

303,751

1341%

170,204

158,656

1374%

0.52

0.01

2%

Faroe Islands

2,201,269

-4,061,991

-65%

2,022,522

-3,749,686

-65%

0.92

-0

0%

Finland

3,373,819

-94,484

-3%

1,790,940

34,158

2%

0.53

0.02

5%

Iceland

4,499,835

-7,498,686

-62%

4,921,018

-7,973,391

-62%

1.09

0.02

2%

Latvia

37,200

37,200

100%

18,873

18,873

100%

0.51

0.51

100%

Netherlands

751,121

678,671

937%

640,836

555,874

654%

0.85

-0.32

-27%

Norway

223,740,742

45,676,764

26%

196,463,151

28,010,251

17%

0.88

-0.07

-7%

Sweden

1,207,328

-642,772

-35%

603,664

-322,946

-35%

0.50

-0

0%

UK

5,055,710

-2,702,288

-35%

5,054,366

-2,057,085

-29%

1

0.08

9%

Total

241,602,233

29,923,050

14%

212,130,704

13,750,131

7%

0.88

-0.06

-6%

Herring

Norway

Norway kept strengthening its position on the Russian market boosting its share up to 93%. The volume of Russia's import of Norwegian herring reached 223,741 tonnes, 26% up on 178,064 tonnes in 2006. The import value grew by 17% from 168 million USD in 2006 to 198 million in 2007 due to a 7% price fall from 0.95 to 0.88 USD per kilo.

In 2007 the Russian importers purchased 196,299 tonnes of w/r frozen herring, 35% up on 2006 when they exported 144,929 tonnes of the product.

As for flaps, in 2007 the Russian traders purchased 27,191 tonnes, 18% down on 2006 when they purchased 33,135 tonnes. The volume of Russia's shipments of HGT herring was small and amounted to 251 tonnes only.

The herring products originating from Norway were shipped to Russia mostly directly from Norway and there were also small shipments from Lithuania.

UK

The share of the UK on the Russian market of imported herring also decreased. For comparison, in 2004 the UK held 6% of the Russian herring import and in 2007 the share of the country fell to 2%. The volume of the Russian purchases of the UK herring decreased to 5056 tonnes, 35% down on 7758 tonnes in 2006. The decline could be attributed to a 9% price rise to 1 USD per kilo, 14% up on the price of the Norwegian product.

In the year 2007 Russia mostly purchased HGT herring originating from the UK. The volume of Russia's import of the product amounted to 3772 tonnes, 72% up on 2198 tonnes in 2006. The shipments of w/r herring in 2007 amounted to 657 tonnes, nearly 8 times down on 2006 when the Russian traders purchased 5207 tonnes of the products. The Russian import of butterfly herring fillets from the UK amounted to 627 tonnes, 78% up on 353 tonnes imported in 2006.

All the shipments of UK herring were delivered to Russia directly from the UK.

Iceland

Russia's import of frozen herring originating from Iceland, which was the third largest producer in 2007, sank by 62% to 4500 tonnes from 11,999 tonnes in 2006. The prices of the Icelandic herring were even higher than those of the UK herring and amounted to 1.09 USD per kilo, 2% up on 2006.

From Iceland the Russian traders purchased both w/r herring and flaps. Russia's import of w/r herring in 2007 amounted to 913 tonnes, more than 6 times down on 5699 tonnes in 2006. The volume of Icelandic shipments of butterfly herring fillets also decreased from 6499 tonnes in 2006 to 3587 tonnes in 2007, by 45% namely. The products were shipped to Russia mostly directly from Iceland and via Lithuania.

Faroe Islands

Russia's import of herring from the Faroe Islands in 2007 was not large at 2201 tonnes, 65% down on 2006 when the traders imported 6263 tonnes.

In 2007 Russia's traders shipped 2065 tonnes of w/r herring, 3 times down on 6263 tonnes in 2006. Import of HGT herring amounted to 136 tonnes only.

All shipments from the Faroe Islands were carried out directly from the producing country.

Russia's herring import by country of origin and product form in 2006-2007

Year

Product form

Country of origin

Volume, kg

Value, USD

2006

w/r

Norway

144,928,896

128,208,331

Faroe Islands

6,263,260

5,772,208

Iceland

5,499,494

5,426,837

UK

5,207,298

4,827,320

Russia

1,322,930

533,381

Canada

268,000

246,825

Ireland

261,000

174,870

Netherlands

72,450

84,962

Total for w/r herring

163,823,328

145,274,734

HGT

UK

2,198,100

1,847,717

Total for HGT herring 

2,198,100

1,847,717

Flaps

Norway

33,135,082

40,244,569

Iceland

6,499,027

7,467,572

UK

352,600

436,414

Canada

312,000

399,600

Total for flaps

40,298,709

48,548,155

TOTAL for the year 2006

206,320,137

195,670,606

2007

w/r

Norway

196,299,368

166,386,432

Faroe Islands

2,065,049

1,893,456

Iceland

912,707

988,491

Netherlands

751,121

640,836

UK

656,960

560,899

Canada

336,815

340,730

Total for w/r herring

201,022,020

170,810,844

HGT

UK

3,771,640

3,810,248

Norway

250,680

312,960

Faroe Islands

136,220

129,066

Total for HGT herring

4,158,540

4,252,274

Flaps

Norway

27,190,694

29,763,759

Iceland

3,587,128

3,932,527

UK

627,110

683,219

Canada

72,000

104,400

Total for flaps

31,476,932

34,483,905

TOTAL for the year 2007

236,657,492

209,547,023

Baltic herring

The volume of Russia's import of frozen Baltic herring in 2007 amounted to 4925 tonnes at the total value of 2.6 million USD, nearly 9% down in volume and 5% down in value as compared to 5359 tonnes and 2.7 million USD in 2006. The largest producers of Baltic herring for Russia remained Finland, Sweden and Estonia. All shipments of products originating from those countries were carried out directly from them.

Finland

Russia's import of Baltic herring from Finland, the largest producer for Russia with a share of 68%, amounted to 3374 tonnes in 2007, only 3% down on 3468 tonnes in 2006.

Sweden

The Russian traders purchased Baltic herring originating from Sweden, the second largest producer with a share of 25%, amounted to 1207 tonnes in 2007, 35% down on 1850 tonnes in 2005.

Estonia

In 2007 Estonian shipments of frozen Baltic herring to Russia went up to 306 tonnes, more than 13 times larger than 23 tonnes in 2006. The share of Estonia in Russia's import of Baltic herring amounted to 6%.

Latvia

In 2007 the Russian traders also imported 37 tonnes of frozen Baltic herring from Latvia. In 2006 they did not purchase Baltic herring from the country.

Russia's herring import by country of origin and product form in 2006-2007

Year

Product form

Country of origin

Volume, kg

Value, USD

2006

w/r

Finland

3,468,303

1,756,782

Sweden

1,850,100

926,610

Estonia

22,643

11,548

Russia

18,000

15,027

Total for w/r Baltic herring

5,359,046

2,709,967

TOTAL for the year 2006

5,359,046

2,709,967

2007

w/r

Finland

3,373,819

1,790,940

Sweden

1,207,328

603,664

Estonia

306,396

164,205

Latvia

37,200

18,873

Total for w/r Baltic herring

4,924,743

2,577,682

TOTAL for the year 2007

4,924,743

2,577,682

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